Harlan Fiske Stone (October 11, 1872 - April 22, 1946)

Harlan Fiske Stone is one of the most well known of all Supreme Court justices.

A New Hampshire native, he attended Amherst college before he went on to attend Columbia Law School, where he later became the Dean.

After graduation, he engaged in private practice before becoming a lecturer, then Dean at Columbia. He was appointed as the U.S. Attorney General prior to his appointment on the U.S. Supreme Court as an associate justice in 1925. In 1941 he was appointed as the 12th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, the position in which he served until his death.

Stone's Legacy

Along with Justices Cardozo and Brandeis, Stone completed what many referred to as the Three Musketeers of the Supreme Court. The "liberal" faction of the court which often ruled to uphold many of Roosevelt's New Deal Programs.

Stone authored the infamous opinion in Carolene Products, whose footnote four allowed for a complete change in the course of the Court's decisionmaking, essentially bringing an end to the so called "Lochner Era."

Stone also wrote one of the most well known opinions in Civil Procedure, International Shoe Co. v. Washington, which lays out the way in which state courts can have personal jurisdiction over litigants. While the subject matter of the case may itself be dry, the play on words involving shoes, and its centrality in the first year law school curriculum, has inspired many a legal joke and infographic.

Truly, the impact of these two cases demonstrates his far reaching influence on American jurisprudence.

Stone died when an incident occurred in open court after he had just finished the reading of his dissent in a case. Doctors later determined that he had a cerebral hemorrhage, from which he ended up succumbing to that day.