(NHTSA) The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration has released a state-by-state report concluding that alchohol related accidents involving DWI and DUI fatalities decreased for the second year in a row.

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    August 2005
    A Brief Statistical Summary
    DOT HS 809 904
    Alcohol-Related Fatalities in 2004

    Early results from the 2004 Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) show that the number of alcohol-related1 fatalities in motor vehicle traffic crashes declined from 2003. This is the second consecutive year in which alcohol-related fatalities have declined, after reaching a recent high of 17,524 in 2002. With an expected increase in vehicle miles traveled (VMT), the alcohol-related fatality rate per 100 million VMT will be 0.57, the lowest recorded by the Department of Transportation. Also, fatalities in “high-alcohol” crashes, i.e., crashes where the highest blood alcohol concentration (BAC) was .08 grams per deciliter or above, also declined by 1.8 percent, to 14,409 fatalities.

    Table 1 depicts fatalities in traffic crashes by the highest BAC in the crash. There were 411 fewer alcohol-related fatalities (BAC=.01+), a decline of 2.4 percent compared to 2003. In crashes where the highest BAC was .08+, there were 269 fewer fatalities, a decline of 1.8 percent. It was not confirmed whether or not these drivers were arrested for a DUI or DWI.

    Table 1
    Fatalities in Traffic Crashes by Highest BAC in the Crash

    Description
    2003
    2004
    Change
    % Change
    BAC .01+
    17,105
    16,694
    -411
    -2.4%
    BAC .08+
    14,678
    14,409
    -269
    -1.8%
    Source: FARS 2003 [Final], 2004 [ARF].

    Table 2 depicts the fatalities shown in Table 1 by the role of the person(s) who had alcohol and the highest BAC level in the crash. For example, Drivers Only (Drv Only) implies that driver(s) were the only people with alcohol, and Driver + Nonoccupant (Drv + NO) implies both a driver and a nonoccupant had alcohol.

    Table 2
    Alcohol-Related Fatalities by Role of Person with Alcohol

    Role of Person w/ alcohol
    BAC = .01+
    BAC = .08+
    2003
    2004
    2003
    2004
    Drv Only
    13,519 (79%)
    13,178 (79%)
    11,604 (79%)
    11,406 (79%)
    McO Only
    1,309 (8%)
    1,327 (8%)
    1,075 (7%)
    1,101 (8%)
    Drv + McO
    99 (1%)
    80 (0%)
    52 (0%)
    42 (0%)
    Drv/McO + NO
    498 (3%)
    460 (3%)
    366 (3%)
    324 (2%)
    Subtotal
    15,423 (90%)
    15,045 (90%)
    13,096 (89%)
    12,874 (89%)
    NO Only
    1,644 (10%)
    1,614 (10%)
    1,548 (11%)
    1,502 (10%)
    Others
    38 (0%)
    35 (0%)
    35 (0%)
    33 (0%)
    Total
    17,105 (100%)
    16,694 (100%)
    14,678 (100%)
    14,409 (100%)
    Drv = Driver   NO = Nonoccupant   McO = Motorcycle Operator
    Source: FARS 2003 [Final], 2004 [ARF]. Counts may not add up to totals due to independent rounding.
    Percents are based on unrounded estimates.

    As seen in Table 2, a majority (79 percent) of the alcohol-related fatalities occurred in crashes in which drivers were the only persons with alcohol, possibly arrested for a DWI or DUI. Additionally, about 8 percent of the alcohol-related fatalities occurred in crashes where the motorcycle operators were the only persons with alcohol. About 10 percent of alcohol-related fatalities occurred in crashes where nonoccupants were the only persons with alcohol.

    Table 3 depicts the role of the people killed in alcohol-related crashes. About half of the fatalities occurred to drivers who had alcohol, and an additional 17 percent to passengers who were riding with them. About 12 percent of the fatalities occurred to nonoccupants and about 8 percent to motorcycle operators with alcohol. Thus, slightly more than 85 percent of the alcohol-related fatalities occurred to drivers/motorcycle operators or nonoccupants with alcohol, or to people riding with these drivers/motorcycle operators.

    Table 3
    Alcohol-Related Fatalities, by Role

    Role
    2003
    2004
    Num
    % of Total
    Num
    % of Total
    Driver w/ alcohol
    8,402
    49%
    8,199
    49%
              2 way arrow Passengers
    2,916
    17%
    2,763
    17%
    Motorcycle Operators w/ alcohol
    1,271
    7%
    1,264
    8%
              2 way arrow Riders
    111
    1%
    118
    1%
    Nonoccupant w/ alcohol
    1,969
    12%
    1,969
    12%
    Subtotal
    14,669
    86%
    14,313
    87%
    Driver w/ no alcohol
    1,044
    6%
    986
    6%
              2 way arrow Passengers
    591
    3%
    646
    4%
    Motorcycle Operators w/ no alcohol
    147
    1%
    156
    1%
              2 way arrow Riders
    17
    0%
    21
    0%
    Nonoccupant w/ no alcohol
    574
    3%
    515
    3%
              Other/Unknown
    65
    0%
    57
    0%
    Total
    17,105
    100%
    16,694
    100%
    Source: FARS 2003 [Final], 2004 [ARF]. Counts may not add up to totals due to independent rounding.

    Table 4 shows, by State, the breakdown of total fatalities as well as fatalities in alcohol-related and high-alcohol crashes and the change in the fatalities and percent change from 2003 to 2004. A total of 32 States and the District of Columbia showed a decline in alcohol-related fatalities in 2004 from 2003 while 31 States and the District of Columbia showed a decline in fatalities that occur in high-alcohol crashes.

    Table 4
    Total Fatalities in Motor Vehicle Traffic Crashes, Alcohol-Related Fatalities, Fatalities in High-Alcohol (BAC=.08+) Crashes, Change and Percent Change, 2003-2004

    State
    2003
    2004
    2003 to 2004 Change
    Total
    Alcohol-
    Related
    BAC=.08+
    Total
    Alcohol-
    Related
    BAC=.08+
    Total
    Alcohol-Related
    BAC=.08+
    Num
    %
    Num
    %
    Num
    %
    Num
    %
    Alabama
    1,004
    414
    41%
    361
    36%
    1,154
    442
    38%
    394
    34%
    150 (14.9%)
    28 (6.8%)
    33 (9.1%)
    Alaska
    98
    37
    38%
    33
    33%
    101
    31
    31%
    30
    30%
    3 (3.1%)
    -6 (-16.2%)
    -3 (-9.1%)
    Arizona
    1,118
    471
    42%
    411
    37%
    1,150
    435
    38%
    376
    33%
    32 (2.9%)
    -36 (-7.6%)
    -35 (-8.5%)
    Arkansas
    640
    252
    39%
    201
    31%
    704
    276
    39%
    236
    33%
    64 (10.0%)
    24 (9.5%)
    35 (17.4%)
    California
    4,224
    1,629
    39%
    1,377
    33%
    4,120
    1,643
    40%
    1,367
    33%
    -104 (-2.5%)
    14 (0.9%)
    -10 (-0.7%)
    Colorado
    642
    252
    39%
    228
    35%
    665
    259
    39%
    225
    34%
    23 (3.6%)
    7 (2.8%)
    -3 (-1.3%)
    Connecticut
    298
    137
    46%
    119
    40%
    291
    127
    44%
    112
    38%
    -7 (-2.3%)
    -10 (-7.3%)
    -7 (-5.9%)
    Delaware
    142
    61
    43%
    51
    36%
    134
    51
    38%
    48
    36%
    -8 (-5.6%)
    -10 (-16.4%)
    -3 (-5.9%)
    Dist of Columbia
    67
    35
    52%
    31
    47%
    43
    18
    41%
    12
    28%
    -24 (-36%)
    -17 (-49%)
    -19 (-61%)
    Florida
    3,169
    1,287
    41%
    1,101
    35%
    3,244
    1,222
    38%
    1,053
    32%
    75 (2.4%)
    -65 (-5.1%)
    -48 (-4.4%)
    Georgia
    1,603
    483
    30%
    416
    26%
    1,634
    525
    32%
    450
    28%
    31 (1.9%)
    42 (8.7%)
    34 (8.2%)
    Hawaii
    133
    71
    53%
    52
    39%
    142
    65
    46%
    52
    37%
    9 (6.8%)
    -6 (-8.5%)
    0 (-)
    Idaho
    293
    106
    36%
    89
    31%
    260
    93
    36%
    81
    31%
    -33 (-11.3%)
    -13 (-12.3%)
    -8 (-9.0%)
    Illinois
    1,454
    637
    44%
    540
    37%
    1,356
    604
    45%
    517
    38%
    -98 (-6.7%)
    -33 (-5.2%)
    -23 (-4.3%)
    Indiana
    833
    261
    31%
    223
    27%
    947
    299
    32%
    254
    27%
    114 (13.7%)
    38 (14.6%)
    31 (13.9%)
    Iowa
    443
    145
    33%
    119
    27%
    390
    110
    28%
    91
    23%
    -53 (-12.0%)
    -35 (-24.1%)
    -28 (-23.5%)
    Kansas
    469
    199
    42%
    172
    37%
    461
    148
    32%
    121
    26%
    -8 (-1.7%)
    -51 (-25.6%)
    -51 (-29.7%)
    Kentucky
    928
    277
    30%
    242
    26%
    964
    308
    32%
    269
    28%
    36 (3.9%)
    31 (11.2%)
    27 (11.2%)
    Louisiana
    940
    410
    44%
    370
    39%
    904
    414
    46%
    345
    38%
    -36 (-3.8%)
    4 (1.0%)
    -25 (-6.8%)
    Maine
    207
    75
    36%
    69
    33%
    194
    70
    36%
    58
    30%
    -13 (-6.3%)
    -5 (-6.7%)
    -11 (-15.9%)
    Maryland
    650
    287
    44%
    215
    33%
    643
    286
    45%
    231
    36%
    -7 (-1.1%)
    -1 (-0.3%)
    16 (7.4%)
    Massachusetts
    462
    215
    47%
    172
    37%
    476
    203
    43%
    181
    38%
    14 (3.0%)
    -12 (-5.6%)
    9 (5.2%)
    Michigan
    1,283
    485
    38%
    396
    31%
    1,159
    430
    37%
    367
    32%
    -124 (-9.7%)
    -55 (-11.3%)
    -29 (-7.3%)
    Minnesota
    655
    266
    41%
    223
    34%
    567
    184
    32%
    170
    30%
    -88 (-13.4%)
    -82 (-30.8%)
    -53 (-23.8%)
    Mississippi
    872
    321
    37%
    291
    33%
    900
    341
    38%
    317
    35%
    28 (3.2%)
    20 (6.2%)
    26 (8.9%)
    Missouri
    1,232
    493
    40%
    414
    34%
    1,130
    449
    40%
    388
    34%
    -102 (-8.3%)
    -44 (-8.9%)
    -26 (-6.3%)
    Montana
    262
    127
    49%
    108
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